One of the world’s most exclusive island escapes, Nukutepipi is a secluded French Polynesia private paradise. This “overseas collectivity” of France … Coordinates: -31.769, -144.784. Polynesia is Papeete is one of the largest urban centers in the South Pacific region and its excellent harbor serves as the chief port and trading center for transpacific ships. The capital of French Polynesia is Papeete. The influence of the French government is limited to education, security, and subsidies. It is an idyllic and unspoiled private island paradise located 6000 Km from the closest continent in the middle of the Pacific. People live exclusively in the valleys, where they engage in farming. French Polynesia is in the continent region of Oceania. The group’s main port is Uturoa, located on Raiatea. They are located far from any continent, making them a secluded destination in the quiet South Pacific. Located on the northwestern coast of Tahiti is, Papeete – the capital, of French Polynesia. This chain of four islands, with the addition of the isolated island of Rapa in the southeast and the uninhabited Marotiri and Maria islands, covers 57 square miles (148 square km). This was proposed by the archaeologist, writer, and explorer Thor Heyerdahl, who even constructed a Polynesian outrigger canoe and, with a team, sailed it west of Easter Island from the South American coast. The above map can be downloaded, printed and used for geography education purposes like map-pointing and coloring activities. Since July 15 th, 2020, quarantine measures have been lifted and French Polynesia’s borders are open to international tourism from all countries. Finally, to the west of Raiatea lies the beautiful little island of Bora-Bora. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The above outline map represents French Polynesia - an overseas collectivity of France comprising of 118 small islands and atolls, scattered across the south-central Pacific Ocean. Known for dramatic cliffs plunging into the deep blue ocean contrasted with green, forested mountains rising directly out of the water, the Marquesas Islands are the jewels of French Polynesia. The volcanic cones are highly eroded and cut up into high crests and deep, radiating valleys. Larger Bora Bora flag Tahiti calls to mind visions of an idyllic French Polynesia … This article details the geographical distribution of speakers of the French language, regardless of the legislative status within the countries where it is spoken. French Polynesia has a total land area of approximately 4167 km² or 1609 mi.². Like the Marquesas and the Tuamotu-Gambiers, the Tubuai Islands have poor connections with Tahiti. French Polynesia is not located on a continent but in a large region in the South Pacific called Oceania. This means that, among all the populated locations in the world, the farthest city from Jerusalem is Mataura. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. They are geographically positioned both in the Eastern and Southern hemispheres of the earth. Some of them are volcanic islands rising above 4,000 feet (1,200 metres), with sharp and twisting contours. French Polynesia. Oceania is the region centered on the Islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean. Covering a total land area of 4,167 sq.km (1,609 sq mi) and spread over a vast area about the size of Europe, the widely scattered 118 islands and atolls of French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of France and are divided into 5 island groups: the Austral, Gambier, Marquesas, Society and Tuamotu archipelagos; in the south-central Pacific Ocean. The Tubuai, or Austral, Islands, situated 450 miles (720 km) south of Tahiti, make up the southernmost part of French Polynesia. Scattered over 965,255 sq. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. on desertcart in the French Polynesia. The major settlement, Vaitape, is on the western side of the main island, opposite the main channel into the lagoon. The above blank map represents French Polynesia - an overseas collectivity of France comprising of 118 small islands and atolls, scattered across the south-central Pacific Ocean. The Austral and Gambier islands in the south are lightly populated, as most are still uninhabited. Of these islands, the Society archipelago is certainly the most famous. Included are some 130 islands scattered across the Pacific between latitudes 7° and 27° S and longitudes 134° and 155° W—a total land area roughly equivalent to that of metropolitan Paris and London combined but spread across a swath of ocean five times as large as France. Elsewhere, living conditions are difficult, and many people emigrate to Tahiti. Out of these 118 islands and atolls, 67 of them are inhabited; among which Tahiti – located in the Society Islands is the most populous. Some vanilla is also grown. Mataura is the closest city to Jerusalem's antipodal point (1,042 km). Prior to European arrival the island was governed by native chiefs. Faaa is the largest city of the island. The archipelagoes of French Polynesia are the Society Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago, Gambier Islands, Marquesas Islands, and Tubuai Islands. The three subregions making up the Oceania are Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia. Cruises, Vacations & more. Covering a total land area of 4,167 sq.km, French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of France and comprises of 118 small islands and atolls, scattered across the south-central Pacific Ocean. They consist of two groups, the Îles du Vent (Windward Islands) in the east and the Îles Sous le Vent (Leeward Islands) in the west. It is formed from two volcanic peaks rising to 2,385 feet (727 metres) and 2,169 feet (661 metres) and dropping abruptly to the lagoon. The Apostolic Vicariate of Eastern Oceania was a Roman Catholic apostolic vicariate in French Polynesia, suppressed in 1848. Mataura. Income is derived from agriculture (taro, arrowroot, copra, market vegetables) and pandanus plaiting. The people of Tahiti are French citizens with full political and civil rights. Its flag depicts a canoe (piroque), sailing under a golden sun. The antipodal city to Jerusalem is Mataura. This demonstrated the feasibility of using a primitive craft such as an outrigger ca… French Polynesia is a French overseas territory. Out of these 118 islands and atolls, 67 of them are inhabited; among which Tahiti – located in the Society Islands is the most populous. We have reviews of the best places to see in Moorea. Except for a few small coral atolls, the Society Islands resulted from the emergence of underwater volcanoes. It is well-connected to Tahiti by boat and taxi planes—a consequence of the booming tourist trade there. As it is part of French Polynesia, the President of French Polynesia, who also heads the government, leads Tahiti. NOW 50% OFF! The Oceania region constitutes three subregions who combine to form the entire insular region between Southeast Asia and the Americas. The communes are further subdivided into communes associeés. https://www.britannica.com/place/French-Polynesia, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - French Polynesia, French Polynesia - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), French Polynesia - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The often lushly vegetated mountains drop abruptly to narrow coastal strips or directly into lagoons or the sea. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The capital, Papeete, is on Tahiti, French Polynesia’s largest island (403 square miles [1,043 square km]), in the Society group. Administratively, the island of Tahiti comprises of 12 communes, which are part of the admini… Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. Covering a total land area of 4,167 sq.km, French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of France and comprises of 118 small islands and atolls, scattered across the south-central Pacific Ocean. The administrative subdivisions are: lles Australes (Austral Islands), lles du Vent (Windward Islands), lles Marquises (Marquesas Islands), lles Sous-le-Vent (Leeward Islands) and lles Tuamotu-Gambier. Located in the middle of the South Pacific Ocean approximately 3,500 miles from the South American continent, and about the same distance from the Australian continent. Updates? Background: French Polynesia a collection of 118 islands covers a vast area of the southeastern Pacific Ocean, just about the size of Europe. Coral-reef lagoon surrounding Raiatea and Tahaa in the Society Islands, Pacific Ocean. It’s now considered a semi-autonomous territory of France, though France’s authority includes such issues as law enforcement, property and civic rights. An overseas territory of France, French Polynesia's 118 islands and atolls are grouped into 5 archipelagos (group of islands) scattered across some 3,200 kilometers (2,000 miles) in the South Pacific Ocean midway between South America and Australia. [Note: The Leeward Islands and the Windward Islands together make up the Society Islands (lles de la Societe)]. In French Polynesia the ocean has great mana, from the gleaming black pearl inside a quivering oyster to the turtles and rays that hover in the shallows. Red and white are traditional Polynesian colors. Rangiroa, the largest coral atoll in French Polynesia, is famed for its natural beauty, and remains a favorite of travellers from across the globe. 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