Discover (and save!) It consumed 26,500 tons of steel, out of which 23,000 tons of high-tensile alloy steel, known as Tiscrom, were supplied by Tata Steel. Second Hooghly Bridge, Howrah: See 151 reviews, articles, and 120 photos of Second Hooghly Bridge, ranked No.1 on Tripadvisor among 20 attractions in Howrah. The main towers are 280 feet (85 m) high above the monoliths and 76 feet (23 m) apart at the top. It took six years to complete this bridge, and in its constructed, not a single bolt or nut was used. 1 The Howrah Bridge — another Kolkata icon and also the first Hooghly bridge — is the busiest in the world in terms of pedestrian traffic. Nearly 350 metres (1,150 ft) of 700 metres (2,300 ft) of the track were twisted beyond repair. shallow water and partly to leave the widest opening on each land side for span, with a central smaller opening of 106 feet 6 inches between two piers, The total length of the bridge proper is 1,213 feet. WATCH US LIVE. calculations, ingenious adaptation of basic principles to local conditions, and Vivekananda Setu also called as Bally Bridge is a multispan steel bridge over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, links the city of Howrah with twin city of Kolkata. Progress was further retarded by the Uprising of 1857, during which many supplies and pieces of track were stolen. [27][28] The hangers need those hoods at the base to prevent water seeping into the junction of the cross-girders and hangers, and damage to the hoods can jeopardize the safety of the bridge. the bed is 66 feet deep below mean sea level, and the height of the tide varies Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking … Different parts were constructed in England and shipped to Calcutta, where they were assembled. The bridge is approached from both sides by masonry viaducts of 3,278 feet and 441 feet respectively consisting of 141 brick arches of spans varying from 10 to 48 feet. When you have just one day to spare out of your busy schedule in Kolkata, but are not sure what to see and how … City Tour Read More » Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Co. With a total length of 823 meters, it is the longest cable-stayed bridge in the country. In very stiff clays, a large number of the internal wells were completely undercut, allowing the whole weight of the caisson to be carried by the outside skin friction and the bearing under the external wall. One can take a better view of this place from Princep Ghat and while riding a boat over tge river Hooghly. Thompson, to investigate and report on the advisability of constructing a pier bridge between Calcutta and Howrah. In 1906[7] the Port Commission appointed a committee headed by R.S. Hooghly River Bridge Commission is a statutory body under the Transport Department, government of West Bengal. Kalyan Banerjee was named the new HRBC chairman with “immediate effect”. Located over the Hooghly river, this iconic bridge in India dates back to 1943. Mamata's Trinamool uneasy as heavyweight … It is also acknowledged as one of the longest bridges of Asia. Is this attraction a good picnic spot? In view of the increasing traffic across the Hooghly river, a committee was appointed in 1855-56 to review alternatives for constructing a bridge across it. The Howrah Bridge is a bridge that spans the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India.It was originally named the New Howrah Bridge because it links the city of Howrah to its twin city, Kolkata (Calcutta).On June 14, 1965, it was renamed Rabindra Setu, after Rabindranath Tagore, a great poet and the first Indian Nobel laureate.However it is still popularly known as the Howrah Bridge. Second Hooghly Bridge, Howrah: See 150 reviews, articles, and 118 photos of Second Hooghly Bridge, ranked No.1 on Tripadvisor among 20 attractions in Howrah. The bridge is a toll bridge for vehicles, but is free for bicycles. WE RECOMMEND. Established in 1969, HRBC was mandated with the construction of the iconic Vidyasagar Setu, an engineering marvel over the river Hooghly that was inaugurated in 1992 as the longest cable-stayed bridge in the country. There has been a … From 31 May 2007 onwards, overloaded trucks were banned from crossing the bridge and were redirected to the Vidyasagar Setu instead. At the site of the bridge the Hooghly channel is The two anchorage caissons were each 16.4 m by 8.2 m, with two wells 4.9 m square. The bridge was originally constructed for a [8] The project was a pioneer in bridge construction, particularly in India, but the government did not have a formal opening of the bridge due to fears of attacks by Japanese planes fighting the Allied Powers. In those days the Hooghly River was the main route for transportation and Hooghly served as an excellent trading port. The Howrah Bridge is a cantilever bridge over the Hooghly River linking the two cities of Howrah and Kolkata. The bridge was considerably damaged by the great cyclone on 20 March 1874. Highet, chief engineer, East Indian Railway and W.B. In spite of the Japanese threat, the then (British) government of India pressed on with the construction. In spite of an extremely long construction period, it was one of the longest span bridges of its type in Asia, at the time of its construction. At this stage two floating pontoons fitted with a suitable staging were brought into position beneath the projecting ends of the girders It is suspended over the river and is a cantilever bridge that is; it is supported only on the ends. Walton. The construction of the bridge involved a total investment of about Rs. An investigation in 2003 revealed that as a result of prolonged chemical reaction caused by continuous collection of bird excreta, several joints and parts of the bridge were damaged. ", "Flow of Traffic on an average week day (8AM to 8 PM)", "Howrah Bridge and Second Hooghly Bridge: A Comprehensive Comparative Study", "Calcutta icon, painted and lit- October makeover for Howrah bridge", "Scheme to save Calcutta's Howrah Bridge from spit", "A BARGE RAMS INTO THE BRIDGE IN A RARE ACCIDENT", Official Website of Howrah Bridge, maintained by Calcutta Port Trust, Armenian College and Philanthropic Academy, Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School, B. T. Road Government Sponsored H. S. School, Marine Engineering and Research Institute, Government College of Engineering and Ceramic Technology, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Company, Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation (CESC), Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Holy Rosary Cathedral (Portuguese Church), Kolkata Police Friendship Cup Football Tournament, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah Municipal Corporation/Sailen Manna Stadium, Cities, towns and locations in Howrah district, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Howrah_Bridge&oldid=991670556, Buildings and structures in Howrah district, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Pages using infobox bridge with unknown parameters, Pages using infobox bridge with clearance, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 71 ft (21.6 m) with two footpaths of 15 ft (4.6 m) on either side. On Wednesday, he had resigned as the chairman of the Hooghly River Bridge Commissioners (HRBC), which is the custodian of several bridges and flyovers of Kolkata, including the iconic Second Hooghly Bridge. The view captures every wave of the Hooghly river and the distant Howrah bridge flaunting its truss and metals. The order for construction and erection was placed on M/s.Cleveland Bridge & Engineering Company in 1939. Since June of that year it started opening at night for all vessels except ocean steamers, which were required to pass through during daytime. List of longest bridges above water in India, "Bird droppings gnaw at Howrah bridge frame", "Howrah Bridge – The Bridge without Nuts & Bolts! Grace's Guide web site design is Copyright © 2020 by Grace's Guide Ltd. [13], The entire project cost ₹25 million (£2,463,887). 1 week ago. i in the district of hooghly under ridf-xxvi. approaching viaducts came to nearly Rs 39 lakhs. face line of the abutment. [32] For the repair, which cost around ₹5 million (US$70,000), about 8 tonnes of steel was used. India's first ever hanging bridge is our 'Vidyasagar Setu' ,which is famous as Second Hooghly bridge in India and the World. In 1926 the New Howrah Bridge Act passed. [22] One of the main reasons for the overloading was that, although vehicles carrying up to 15 tonnes are allowed on the structure, vehicles with 12-18 wheels and carrying loads up to 25 tonnes often plied on it. Trams departed from the terminus at Howrah station towards Sealdah, Rajabazar, Shyambazar, High Court, Dalhousie Square, Park Circus, Ballygunge, Tollygunge etc. Work could not be started as World War I (1914–1918) broke out. So, traffic on Kona Expressway was blocked. Is this attraction a hidden gem or off-the-beaten path? Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Vidyasagar Setu, also known as the Second Hooghly Bridge, is a toll bridge over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India, linking the cities of Kolkata (previously known as Calcutta) and Howrah.. With a total length of 823 metres (2,700 ft), Vidyasagar Setu is the first and longest cable-stayed bridge in India, as 3rd Narmada Bridge in Gujarat is an extradosed bridge. Floor beams are supported transversally on top of the stringers,[6] while themselves supporting a continuous pressed steel troughing system surfaced with concrete. [31] The damage was so severe that KoPT requested help from Rendall-Palmer & Tritton Limited, the original consultant on the bridge from UK. [7] The Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Co. was awarded the construction contract that year. Jubilee Bridge. [8] As the bridge could not handle the rapidly increasing load, the Port Commissioners started planning in 1905 for a new improved bridge. Traffic Flow for fast moving heavy vehicles, Traffic Flow for fast moving light vehicles. "Shoojit sircar's "Piku" also features some scenes on this iconic bridge. operations of extraordinary magnitude and difficulty required the most exact [10] It is still popularly known as the Howrah Bridge. A good place for the bridge was at Pulta Ghat "about a dozen miles north of Calcutta" where a "bed of stiff clay existed at no great depth under the river bed". [6] The bridge deck hangs from panel points in the lower chord of the main trusses with 39 pairs of hangers. The train will take less than a minute to cross a 520-meter river tunnel constructed underneath Hooghly river. It has since been surpassed by three bridges, making it the sixth-longest cantilever bridge in the world in 2013. This web publication contains 144,471 pages of [8] On basis of the report, a global tender was floated. [21] The caissons were sunk through soft river deposits to a stiff yellow clay 26.5 m below ground level. Two coats of aluminium paint, with a primer of zinc chromate before that, was applied on the bridge, requiring a total of 26,500 litres of paint. Howrah Bridge is a bridge with a suspended span over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. The air pressure maintained was about 40 lbs per square inch (2.8 bar), which required about 500 workers to be employed. spars end a small one in the centre was partly to locate the piers in comparatively Yet, the project still moved forward. Bengal BJP rally: As two bridges over Hooghly shut, traffic in three districts halt A senior officer of Kolkata Police said, "We will not take action first, but if they will try to break the barricade, then we will have to take action." They submitted a report stating that[8]. Yes No Unsure. Assent of the Present was first published in the Calcutta Gazette, Extraordinary, dated the 15th November, 1969. Source. Read Full Story. In places It was 465.7 meters long and 19 meters wide, with 2.1 meter wide pavements on either side. Located in Kolkata, Vidyasagar Setu is another bridge that passes over the Hooghly River, and this is also called the Second Hooghly Bridge. Resting on the overhanging projecting end of the central cantilever The fabrication and erection work was awarded to a local engineering firm of Howrah: the Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Co.. It was the second bridge to be built across the Hooghly River; the first, the Howrah Bridge (also known as Rabindra Setu) 3.7km to the north, was completed in 1943. "Today at 1:05 pm a resignation letter of Mr. Suvendu Adhikari from office … [20] The main piers on the Howrah side were sunk by open wheel dredging, while those on the Kolkata side required compressed air to counter running sand. Share Via. navigation. Prior to 1993, the bridge also carried trams. It is a suspension type balanced cantilever[4] bridge, with a central span 1,500 feet (460 m) between centers of main towers and a suspended span of 564 feet (172 m). to centre. The second Hooghly Bridge was kept shut the entire afternoon. The girders of the land spans for example, were each erected on lines of [4], The bridge serves as the gateway to Kolkata, connecting it to the Howrah Station, which is one of the five intercity train terminus stations serving Howrah and Kolkata. double line traffic on the bridge, the tracks have been interlaced on the bridge Based on their recommendation, M/s. [25], The bridge is also considerably damaged by pedestrians spitting out acidic, lime-mixed stimulants (gutka and paan). It was the second bridge to be built across the Hooghly River; the first, the Howrah Bridge (also known as Rabindra Setu) 3.7 kilometres (2.3 mi) to the north, was completed in 1943. [29], On 24 June 2005, a private cargo vessel M V Mani, belonging to the Ganges Water Transport Pvt. Contact. The impact of this was so intense that the seismograph at Kidderpore registered it as an earthquake and a Hindu temple on the shore was destroyed, although it was subsequently rebuilt. Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and SUBSCRIBE TO US. [12] The bulk of the vehicular traffic comes from buses and cars. The roadway on the existing bridge is 48 feet wide except at the shore spans where it is only 43 feet in roadways, each 21 feet 6 inches wide. supporting a span of central cantilever girders. But I couldn’t due to this rally and last-minute traffic diversion. Suvendu's resignation comes just days after he resigned as the chairman of the Hooghly River Bridge Commissioners (HRBC). It links the city of Howrah to its twin city of Kolkata. [4] There are total 8 articulation joints, 3 at each of the cantilever arms and 1 each in the suspended portion. jagjibanpur- autpur- jangipara road from 0.000 kmp to 9.500 km (except newly constructed culvert / bridge and their approaches), strengthening work under hooghly highway division no. All these Thanks for helping! bridge. Named after the educationist reformer Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, it cost Indian Rupees 3.88 billion to build. The foundation stone for the bridge was laid by Indira Gandhion 20 May 1972. [7], The bridge is regarded "The Gateway to Kolkata, as it connects the city to Howrah Station". Hooghly River Bridge Commission is a statutory body under the Transport Department, government of West Bengal. Bullock carts formed the eight - thirteenths of the vehicular traffic (as observed on 27 August 1906, the heaviest day's traffic observed in the port of Commissioners 16 days' Census of the vehicular traffic across the existing bridge). [8] Initially the bridge was periodically unfastened to allow steamers and other marine vehicles to pass through. from a little below mean sea level to 20 feet above, with a maximum velocity of On normal day, it takes about 20 minutes to use the ferry and more an hour to cross the Howrah bridge. This cable-stayed bridge covers a little over 457 meters and has a deck of 35 meters width. Location. Vidyasagar Setu, also known as the Second Hooghly Bridge, is a toll bridge over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India, linking the cities of Kolkata (previously known as Calcutta) and Howrah.. With a total length of 823 metres (2,700 ft), Vidyasagar Setu is the first and longest cable-stayed bridge in India, as 3rd Narmada Bridge in Gujarat is an extradosed bridge. KoPT announced that it will spend ₹2 million (US$28,000) on covering the base of the steel pillars with fibreglass casing to prevent spit from corroding them. A cholera epidemic in 1859 killed over 4,000 railway workers. Established in 1969, HRBC was mandated with the construction of the iconic Vidyasagar Setu, an engineering marvel over the river Hooghly that was inaugurated in 1992 as the longest cable-stayed bridge in the country. The bridge was opened for public use in 1992 and is named after Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, a reformer in the area of education. You would also come across this word on a few mansions and bus stops if you pay close attention. TMC heavyweight Suvendu Adhikari says 'still part of Trinamool', amid rumours of quitting On Tuesday, Adhikari yet again held a march in Nandigram area in East Midnapore district without the party banner, paying respects to the people who died during the Nandigram anti-land acquisition … He reported on 19 March, with large-scale drawings and estimates, that:[15]. Kolkata city tour Home / KOLKATA WALK / City Tour KOLKATA WALK – City Tour in a day Kolkata City Tour in a day We specialize in city tours of Kolkata. Ferries on river Hooghly against the backdrop of Howrah Bridge which is maintained by Calcutta Port Trust and also one of the famous landmark of Kolkata, West Bengal.The Howrah Bridge, is a cantilever bridge with a suspended span over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. outer end of the girders projected over the water for some distance beyond the Yes No Unsure. Large ferry steamers capable of carrying vehicular load (set up cost, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 06:37. The caissons were so designed that the working chambers within the shafts could be temporarily enclosed by steel diaphragms to allow work under compressed air if required. Two of the cameras were placed under the floor of the bridge to track the movement of barges, steamers and boats on the river, while the other four were fixed to the first layer of beams — one at each end and two in the middle — to monitor vehicle movements. [12] Whenever excessively soft soil was encountered, the shafts symmetrical to the caisson axes were left unexcavated to allow strict control. The bridge took more than 22 years to complete and cost Indian Rupees 3.88 billion, but in seven of those years there was no construction activity. [7] The bridge was then 1528 ft. long and 62 ft. wide, with 7-foot wide pavements on either side. The anchor arms are 325 feet (99 m) each, while the cantilever arms are 468 feet (143 m) each. Policy. Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the two cities of Howrah and Kolkata (Calcutta). [20] The Chief Engineer of the Port Trust, Mr. J. McGlashan, wanted to replace the pontoon bridge, with a permanent structure, as the present bridge interfered with North/South river traffic. Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. LIVE TV. [7] The bridge was completed in 1874,[8] at a total cost of ₹2.2 million,[16] and opened to traffic on 17 October of that year. The total length of the bridge proper is 1,213 feet. As such, it carries the near entirety of the traffic to and from the station, taking its average daily traffic close to nearly 150,000 pedestrians and 100,000 vehicles. manufacturing in Britain. The two halves of the suspended span, each 282 feet (86 m) long and weighing 2,000 tons, were built in December 1941. Second Hooghly Bridge: Great suspension bridge - See 151 traveler reviews, 120 candid photos, and great deals for Howrah, India, at Tripadvisor. Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge … 16 hydraulic jacks, each of which had an 800-ton capacity, were pressed into service to join the two halves of the suspended span.